Decisions and Organisations, Public Economics
The fields covered by the Public Economics Institutions and Organisations Unit (EPIO) relate on the one hand to normative public economics (welfare economics) and positive economics (Public Choice). On the other hand, they include the development of the New Institutional Economics (NIE), which gives a central role to transaction costs in the analysis of the role of institutions and the functioning of organizations.
From a theoretical point of view, the research is organised along two lines:
- The area of "public decision-making", whose approach is both positive and normative. Particular attention is given to taking into account interdependencies with related disciplines, notably political science, administration sciences and sociology. The methodology employed mobilizes the theoretical tools of economics and gives special importance to empirical tests and analytical conclusions.
- The Institutions and Organisations area is structured around four major themes:
(1) the economic analysis of institutions, centred around the role of property rights, as well as measures to ensure their implementation;
(2) organizational economics and its recent developments: inter-company arrangements, incentive mechanisms, training and intra-organisational innovation;
(3) the economic analysis of contracts, both within the framework of organizations and that of public-private partnerships (PPP);
(4) the interaction between institutions and organizations, interpreted via regulatory reforms affecting the supply of public services.
As for applied research, a very wide range of subjects will be covered, such as the functioning of large metropolitan areas experiencing congested transport, public policies relating to addictions, the functioning of water markets throughout the world, public procurement policies and PPP property rights. An important part of the research is also dedicated to training, as well as the evolution and spread of beliefs which allow the role of ideologies concerning growth and even so-called "racial" discrimination to be understood better.
All of this work fits in perfectly well with international research, and so allows members of the team to participate in international conferences or to work temporarily in foreign universities. Similarly, visiting professors can be welcomed within the framework of scientific, cooperative ventures, or to present their work in the team's seminar.
Research conducted in this area relates to:
· Recent developments in the theory of organizations;
· Incentives, training, and organisation dynamics;
· Public economics;
· Economic analysis of tax measures and tax policies.
Mise a jour le:07-01-2013 18:11